History of Tanjore Art

Tanjore paintings are one of the most popular forms of classical South Indian Paintings. This native art form comes from Thanjavur (also known as Tanjore), a city of Tamil Nadu.

It was the 16th century when the supremacy of Marathas originated Tanjore paintings also known as Thanjavur paintings.

Unlike other Indian Paintings, Tanjore paintings follow a different and unique pattern. Today, a few dedicated artists mostly based in Tamil Nadu have kept this tradition alive.

The dense composition, rich surface, and vibrant colours distinguish Tanjore paintings from another present form of Indian paintings.

A typical Tanjore painting has a common theme divulging child Krishna and his various pranks. The painting consists of a deity as the main figure with almond-shaped eyes and a well-rounded body.

A gem-set or glided technique is used to highlight certain aspects of the paintings like dresses, ornaments, etc. and sparkling stones and gold leaves are used. The paintings are colourful, bright and breathtakingly appealing.

It can become a centre of attraction in any of your room because it glows in the dark. Over the years, the Tanjore paintings have undergone various changes.

Though the style has changed, the technique remains the same. The reflection of Tanjore paintings lasts forever.

History & Evolution of Tanjore Paintings:

These paintings are named after a southern state of India which is Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu. The city is pronounced as Tanjore in English and so paintings are known as Tanjore Paintings.

The Thanjavur district is famous for its stunning art and architecture. And among all the Indian paintings, Tanjore paintings are considered as the most popular form of paintings.

The Maratha rule of Thanjavur started this stunning art form. Under the incumbency of the Nayak and Maratha princess, the Tanjore paintings flourished.

The two major communities which practised this art form were the Naidus from Madurai and the Rajus from Thanjavur.  Materials like glass, wood, and mica, as well as some unusual mediums like murals, ivory and manuscripts, were used for the paintings.

In the late centuries, the paintings were embedded with the real rubies, diamonds and other precious stones. But with the evolution of time, artificial and semi-precious stones gained popularity and got into the rage.

Making of Tanjore Paintings:

The very first and basic step involved in the making of stunning and beautiful Tanjore paintings is the drawing of the preliminary sketch of the image of the base.

The base is made from a piece of cloth, pasted over a wooden base. Further, the base is covered with a paste mixed up with zinc oxide and water-soluble adhesive.

After the applying the paste on the wooden base, the drawing is made and ornamented with cut glass, pearls, and semi-precious stones. Laces and threads are also used to decorate the paintings.

The thin sheets of gold are pasted on some part of the paintings, while the other parts are painted with bright colours to enhance the effect.

Tanjore Paintings and Modern Era:

Slowly and gradually, Tanjore painting is becoming famous all over the world.

They have a rich and aesthetic appeal that can attract anyone. As the theme of this painting is very spiritual so they give peace to the person who owns these paintings and to those who make them.

It has even become a motivational therapy for peace of mind. They can surely give a rest to your soul from the hectic schedules that one face in his daily life.

No matter that with time Tanjore paintings have evolved but the purity and its natural and native beauty are still present in these paintings. During festive seasons of South India, many people use these paintings to gift their loved ones as souvenirs.

They are largely used to change the environment of the offices or homes. Markets have the extensive range of Tanjore painting with different sizes and different prices to add beauty in your homes and to fit your budget.

These paintings have also become so popular because they are suitable for every corner of the home. Their spiritual theme makes them perfect for every corner of the home.

This time get a Tanjore painting for your home and spread the fragrance of spirituality around you!

History of Pichwai Paintings

If you go long years back, you will realise that there was no tool to record the golden history except for paintings. And that was the time when Pichwai Paintings got into existence.

Pichwai is a Sanskrit word, where pich stands for ‘back’ and wai for ‘hanging’.

They are the devotional pictures used to portray the tales of Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna’s childhood is a motivation for thousands of people on this Earth.

There are various art forms which are used and have been used in the past to divulge the Lord Krishna stories at the time to time.

But, the Pichwai Paintings are one of the major art form and most popular in Rajasthan which has been used widely for over 400 years by the artists.

It is one of the best ways for the devotees to experience ‘the colours of Krishna’ by just one glimpse of beautiful Pichwai Paintings.

History of Pichwai Paintings:

A 400-year-old pichwai painting originated in the holy town of Nathdwara near Udaipur, Rajasthan. The motive behind these pictures was to narrate the tale of Krishna’s life.

In the late 16th century, the artists started creating pictorial illustrations on cloth and hanging on the wall to decorate the temples of Shrinathji, and this resulted in the birth of pichwai paintings.

In those days, decorating the temples with handmade pichwai paintings became an eternal ritual.

Interesting facts about Pichwai Paintings:

  • The dominant figure that usually you will find in Pichwai Paintings is of Lord Shrinathji. He is considered as an evidence of 7-year-old child form of Lord Krishna. Everyone is known to the story of when Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan parvat on his little finger to safeguard the people of Vrindavan from the devastating thunderstorm attack of Lord Krishna. If you are a pichwai painting fan then you will definitely encounter that this tale is the most common tale portrayed in the pichwai paintings.
  • Different seasons and events in Lord Krishna’s life are depicted in Pichwais. The radiant pink colour was used to show summer, whereas illustration of peacocks was used at the temple to divulge the rainy season.
  • The creation of pichwai paintings takes long months and immense skills and experience. Now, there is no way to learn the art of creating pichwai paintings. These paintings are also an example of ‘Guru-shishya’ tradition; the intricacies of the art have been passed down through the generations. This is a sacred art form dedicated to the god.
  • Unlike other art forms, it is impossible to touch-up the artwork because of their fine detailing. Natural colours made by using coal, gold, silver, indigo, zinc, are saffron are only used in these paintings. Over time and with the impact of commercialization, artists started using a combination of natural and acrylic colours to give the atheistic touch to the paintings.

Pichwai Paintings and Home Décor:

It is a proven fact that art is the born of the observation and investigation of nature. So as pichwai paintings are. With time, these paintings have successfully made a strong position among the urban section of society. People have started installing it in their living rooms, bedrooms, and other parts of their happy land.

They are used only because they are a source of beauty, they also prevail in spirituality and positive vibes in your home.

The evolution of pichwai paintings has been a little slow in the eyes of painting lovers. But, with the change in the mind-sets and thoughts, people have accepted these paintings from open hands.

There are two popular forms of pichwai paintings, one is Kota Bundi and another is Nathdwara.

A good pichwai painting takes almost three to nine months to get ready and the selling price starts around Rs. 50,000.

To fit in the urban lifestyles, contemporary artists have now added their touch to enhance the beauty of pichwai painting.

Enhance the beauty of your home with a wall hung with Pichwai Painting. You can also find a wide variety of pichwai paintings online.

If you want your guests to turn their eyes on the wall decors of your home, then pick up your laptop and browse the internet to pick one from the extensive variety of pichwai painting present on the web.